* As Naicom reel out five year industry perfomance
By Favour Nnabugwu
The National Insurance Commission, Naicom reeled out five year performance of the insurance which reveals that the Nigeria is not doing badly compare to other emerging markets in Africa
Naicom at the one day seminar for Insurance Editors theme: “The Future of the Nigerian Insurance Sector in a Shifting Landscape’ revealed that the nation’s insurance sector’s remarkable experience is even better situated when pictured relative to other jurisdictions in a similar emerging insurance markets
The sector’s five year performance, from 2017 – 2022 showed the industry did well amidst challenges.
In 2021, the annual rate of premium growth in Nigeria stood at 19.7 percent, it was 18.5 percent for Egypt, 12 percent in Tanzania and 7.6 percent in the emerging Insurance market of Malaysia
Even in 2020, when compared, he said the Nigerian insurance industry recorded a retention ratio of about 71.6 percent higher than the advanced climes of Australia (69.4 percent) and Turkey (70.9 percent) and indeed the developing market of Egypt (58.1 percent) among others
In a paper present tagged the Facts Behind The Figures of the performance of the Nigerian Insurance Industry from 2017 through to 2022 in the recent past especially, the last five-years by Professor Umaru Baba, Assistant Director, Statistics & Research dept of the Commission, said the market as measured by the industry gross premium income (GPI) has maintained a steady growth throughout the period of 2017 to the current
Umaru said the increasing growth of 65.5 percent for the period when it grew from about N372.4b in 2017 to N616.6b in 2021, Year on Year during the period, the rate of growth was put at 14.2 percent for 2017, 14.5 percent in 2018 and, 19.2 percent 1.2 percent and 19.7 percent for 2019. 2020 and 2021 respectively
Umaru identified the major drivers during the period of 2017 – 2021 were the special risk insurance of Marine & Aviation at about one hundred and seventy (169.6 percent) per cent, Miscellaneous Insurance at 98.4 percent and Life Insurances at 71.3 percent
In 2022, he stated that the GPI stood at N223.8bn in the first quarter, which was 6% growth on YoY and, N369.2bn in the second quarter, indicating a 65 percent QoQ growth and at about 20 percent YoY
In 2022, however, he revealed that Fire Insurance stood at 32.5 percent and Life business stood at 24.5 percent recorded with highest rates at the end of first half of the year (H1) period, YoY.
“Interestingly the market recorded expansion in 2020 during the pandemic when the real GDP actually contracted (-1.9 percent) as was the case with most economies around the world
“Apparently outpacing the real economic growth which grew at just about 3.5 percent during same period
Retention Capacity within five years
“In tandem with the GPI growth, it recorded a positive trajectory in business retention from N265.5bn to N441.2bn (66.2 percent) over the period of 2017 to 2021, as expressed by the infographic (i)
The retention growth was highest for the Marine & Aviation, growing at 169.7 percent over the period while General Accident Insurance retention lagged at about 24.6 percent over the same period. This signifies growing retention capacity by Insurers as the aggregate five-year retention ratio of the industry stood at 72.1 percent as the portfolios of Motor (93.1 percent) and Life business (91.8 percent) led the market, he added.
The market has proven resilience not only with regards premium generation but the capacity to retain businesses which signifies sound financial stability and carriage capacity
Umaru said the claims is a primary factor for the quest of Insurance business and a cardinal element in its business model. Normally, Policyholders go for these services with the intent of filing for claims if/when the risk crystallises
“The Insurance market has continued to grow in gross claims reported reflective of the increasing policyholder enlightenment, market confidence from both demand and supply sides, and indeed effects of regulatory measures meant to ensure for claims settlement.
Industry Claims from 2017-2022
Baba posited that the gross claims reported a fluctuation over the period to peak at a growth proportion of 36.2 percent over the years representing N336.8bn in 2021 from N186.4bn in 2017.
“The percentage net claims paid has, owing to Improved market discipline and the approach of customer focused regulation, remained very high around the border of 70 percent, he added
He cited that In the pandemic year of 2020, despite macroeconomic challenges, about 70 percent of all reported claims were settled by Insurers within the specified period, the industry also remained profitable with loss ratios within the average range numbers, with highest in 2018 at 59.2 percent, while lower net claims ratios, ceteris paribus, are good indicator of the desirable situation for profitability good returns on investment in Insurance business
The industry recorded a consistent expansion over the period despite market cyclicals recorded in the capital market especially, during the global COVID-19 pandemic.
“Sustained Assets growth of the industry even during economic recessions, highest in 2020 (34.6 percent) indicates the immense investment flow and, due to recapitalisation measures taken during that period
For these the industry’s total Assets, almost doubled over the five-year period of 2017 to 2021, this depicting a positive interest of investors in the market at a time associated with macroeconomic volatilities.
“In 2022 as illustrated in figure (j), it recorded an expansion to about N2.3 trillion at the end of first half (H1) which is growing at 12.0 percent Year on Year
Professor Umaru stated that based the ongoing performance, the insurance sector should be the future redeemer of the Nigerian economy given its growth rate, pattern, resilience and yet untapped potentials
Umaru noted that data has shown that, the industry sustained a higher growth rate than most other sectors of the economy and, always higher than the real GDP growth.
said for the need to sustain and improve on the current trend, the market deepening drive which is already yielding results, must be unrelenting in the sector
“Sustaining the current rapid rate of Insurance market growth and ensuring for economic growth, safety, stability, inclusion and development in Nigeria”